Cable Products, Interconnects, Speaker Wire and Power cords, a new perspective!

   Our goal in this fun section is to share with you some of the information we have acquired over the years with regard to cables and their sound. We are going to start with the rules we have learned with regard to Copper, Silver and Gold. Most of our experience is with Copper and Silver but we have listened to gold in various 20 something gauges and it has been easy to dismiss probably because of purity and large overall gauge.
The size of the conductor (overall gauge of each strand) and the purity of the material will decide how good the cable is PERIOD. Smallest conductors sound best (40 ga. beats 30 ga. as an example) and when ultra high quality material (the more nines (6n =99.9999) (4n = 99.99) the better) is used they always will sound the most natural. Quick facts: for Silver 4n Silver always looses to 6n copper all else being equal as in gauge. If the nines are the same and the copper is smaller gauge, silver looses again. We believe Silver sounds better than copper when all else is equal (Silver is slightly faster and more detailed with proper realism of musical weight) but almost all silver products are not small gauge or high purity conductors and almost never Litz which is a must when using more than 1 conductor.
   Now of course there is more to it than that as insulation (litz conductors a must) twisting geometry and a host of other fundamentals decide the final results.
An interesting experiment we did many years ago, seeing that Kimber Kable was well reviewed and they braided their conductors. We used our reference wire at the time, which was 30 ga. XLO 6n copper wire with Teflon insulator, and braided 3 conductors together to build an interconnect. The results were dramatic, and all for the worse. It was terrible. Understand, that a single strand, or 3 strands, NOT braided, sounded great. There’s very little difference between 1 and 3 strands. 1 strand sounding best and the 3 strands just had the tiniest smearing to the sound. This 1 strand of XLO humiliated most products of the day, including XLO's own reference products that used many different sizes to make up their overall conductor. Experimenting with MIT back in the day, always resulted in eliminating their larger conductors (they were a magnet wire, which always sounds bad) all together for best sound. Transparent and Cardas wire sounded ok, but the higher purity of XLO was winning. Yes, we did try Acrotec 6n and 8n copper. Acrotec may have been able to win overall, but they were not a litz wire and had smearing to the sound. All had some good/great qualities, but the least trade off was the 30 ga. 6n XLO by itself. That is what the Paradox interconnect, back in the day, was made of, with tons of detail and great imagery, its trade off was a slightly thin sound with regards to the overall weight of real music. The Paradox speaker wire was made of 66 strands (per positive and per negative) of the Teflon insulated 30 ga. XLO, talk about a carpal tunnel inducing product to build.
   Fast forward many years, many tests, and experiments. If you want a GREAT, not good, great interconnect, pick up some Cardas Phono wire (4 conductor with shield). Terminate all 4 center wires to the center/signal pin of a RCA, using the shield for ground/"O" to its body. This was my white series. Recently this Cardas combo, just mentioned, handed out a spanking to some Silver foil $1800- meter pair interconnects. It is not that the Silver foil was bad, but not near good enough and the Cardas phono wire we mentioned gets smacked around by Cardas' own Clear phono wire, like we use in the tonearm re-wire. When building the Clear phono wire into a interconnect, we use a single strand in a vinyl tube terminated to the male center pin RCA. Then use a Ground Strap wire to slide over the vinyl tube and terminate to the body of the RCA for the ground/"O". By the way, you just built our last generation interconnect in which we had not found a superior sound from any of the cable companies including Cardas's own Clear interconnect which is not built anything like the Paradox Red. We can’t say we have tried them all, but you probably cannot name something worth trying that we haven't. 
   Quick lesson in single ended, when using a speaker wire the negative is NOT negative it is ZERO, "O", GROUND, STAR GROUND, etc... This means the actual signal swings both positive and negative, on the positive binding post alone. The negative post is the "O" reference point for an amplifier. For an RCA same thing, the center pin sees positive and negative with reference to "O" which is the outside of the RCA. This is also how YOUR amplifier works and the reason my speaker wire uses a 4 ga. marine copper conductor of many strands for the negative conductor, as this is the ground/"O" path of the amp which terminates at the NEGATIVE binding post, any amount of resistance makes poorer sound. We would use heavier gauge for my "O" but it is just not practical in most cases. The positive/negative signal on the other hand is very important to sound quality as both neg. and pos. transistors or FET's or tubes terminate to that single post labeled POSITIVE.
   For most of you this "O" is a new concept but that is how it works. If you note, the cable and electronic products we build there is an important conductor and then the "O" and we prefer heavy wire for "O" as even the tiniest amounts of resistance give a leanness to the sound. Our last speaker wire (Paradox RED) used multiples of Cardas 21.5 overall gauge hook up wire (small strands of high purity litz copper) to make about 7 gauge overall conductor for the positive binding post and 4 gauge marine copper (marine copper is tinned to prevent corrosion) for the "O" or negative binding post. This was our Red series along with the Cardas Clear phono wire for the interconnects. You can spend tens of thousands of dollars and end up with much less performance.
   The pictures here will change, as we had not generally taken pictures of our cable products. That will change. We will have better pictures of our finished products as you would receive the product when purchased.
   The Paradox Pulse line of cable products, interconnect, speaker wire and power cord, having only been introduced this year. The first place they were heard was the Newport Audio Show 2016. These cables are not something we plan on discussing much about. A secret if you like.
We will let their performance do all the talking and just like our electronics they have a money back guarantee. We do not pick up any of the shipping charges and if damaged, you will pay refurbishing fees. That aside, full money back, if our cable does not destroy anything you are using. I did use that word carefully "DESTROY". These new cables are why we only use Cardas Clear phono wire (the best sounding Copper wire in the world, and I know of no Silver wire product its equal) in tone arms now as there are other materials on this planet that are vastly superior to Copper and Silver for music reproduction.
                       Last note if we could use our new wire products in a tone arm we would, but it is NOT possible.

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